Leadership can be defined as a process of influencing other people in the organisation to accomplish a task. It involves directing an organisation in that it becomes more coherent and cohesive. Leadership style can therefore be defined as approach for providing direction. It includes motivation. There are various leadership styles that exist in management. They include authoritarian or autocratic, participative or democratic, delegative or free reign leadership. Leading is quite interpersonal in nature.
This paper aims at examining the effect of gender on leadership styles; the paper particularly focuses in answering the question about if there is any connection between gender and effectiveness of leadership. To achieve this, the research paper will scrutinize previous studies done about this work. This research paper will base on various studies on this issue of gender and leadership. The paper is not a comprehensive study, but highlights major finding of this issue. More research will be needed to build more evidence on the topic.
With an increasing number of women taking up more leadership positions, and yet still being viewed as “weak” by their male counterparts its important to find out if gender plays a any role in leadership. (Butterfield and Grinnel, 1999) Structure; Since time in memorial, many people believe that leadership is naturally a masculine activity and thus a man’s duty. Many studies carried out dating way back in 1970s revealed that there was a lot of gender bias in regard to women’s accomplishment in the business world.
As later as in 1990 much of this bias about women were still being observed and studies carried out in 1990 by (Cann and Siegfried, 1990) showed that there was still chauvinism about women leadership. However, research has shown that women and men have a lot of similarities rather than differences when it comes to leadership behaviours and styles. However, many studies reveal that gender plays an important role in leadership style selection. (Cann and Siegfried, 1990) Overview of the theory;
There are three well known leadership theories which try to explain leadership and which can be used to explain gender and leadership. These are • Normative decision model • Situational leadership model • Contingency theory In each model we shall basically focus on the facet of emerging leadership in relation to situational aspects as per these models. This will lead to the next stage where we shall put focus on specific features of leadership as outlined in these models, and examine if and how gender affects leadership. (Butterfield and Grinnel, 1999)