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ABSTRACT

Behavioral profiling involves an exercise where investigations concerning criminal activities are carried out. This is normally done in cases where there are no clues about the actual offender(s). Therefore, the main objective of behavioral profilers is to get clues which closely relate to the person who committed particular crimes which is then used by police officers to search for offenders. This is exactly what happened to the situation at hand where a woman had been murdered and also sexually harassed but had been transferred to another location. However, after integrating details from a previous crime with the current ones, it was possible to come up with a profile which assisted police officers to arrest the suspected of offender.

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Introduction

Behavioral profiling involves a number of tasks whose effectiveness is primarily based on the quality of organizational structure in which crimes as well as their profiling steps are outlined. This organizational structure is very important as it helps behavioral profilers to present criminal cases in a systematic manner. In this particular case, the cases under investigation include sexual harassment which was followed by murder. After conducting a series of investigations, several evidences have been revealed which are outlined categorically in accordance to their priority order. (Turvey, 2008)

Criterion Used During Categorization of Criminal Evidences

The criterion used during categorization of evidences in this practice is based on several profiling assumptions including that most criminal behavior is normally predictable. Secondly, it is assumed that criminals portray a particular level of consistency when committing crimes which helps one to point them out of other offenders otherwise known as modus operandi. This assisted in getting descriptions which are closely associated with the specific offender after being provided with a series of crimes that had been previously committed by the same suspect. Thirdly, is assumed that the manner in which offenders commit crimes has a close connection to their traits. All these assumptions were applied in relation to particular situational contexts in which the crimes were committed. However, extra emphasis was put on specific descriptions of offenders among them being socioeconomic status, age, physical characteristics and psychiatric history. (Petherick, 2005)

Sexual Harassment Case

The victim in this particular case is a woman whose body was spotted by a passerby inside a building under construction. The passerby informed police officers who confirmed the situation and called for a behavioral profiling in order to perform investigations. The victim’s clothes had been removed and she had been left naked. The victim also possessed head injuries in form of deep insertions as well as bruises on her neck, ankles and nipples. Residues of tape were so clear on that victim’s face particularly the lips. Further more, the body was laid flat on the ground as it faced upward. Other than description of the victim, additional observation was made where tire tracks were imprinted on a path that led to the building where victim’s body was spotted. Strands of red fibers were also collected from the crime scene which served as additional evidence that would assist in identification of the offender. However, this crime scene did not have any signs of foot prints that would assist in the measurement of shoe size worn by the offender and blood spots were also lacking. (Kocsis, 2007)

Description Analysis

Actual description of the victim’s body as well as crime scene gave some clues that later assisted in identification of the offender who committed this particular crime. The earlier outlined criterion concerning behavioral profiling was of great use in this analysis of crime scene description. The specific typology that was applied was the one that describes a sex offender who also murders the victim as an anger-excitation criminal. This means that the offender had planned to harass the woman sexually and to also murder her after accomplishing his mission. This offender got satisfaction by terrorizing the victims where he ensures that they have suffered so much pain. In such a crime where the offender gets motivation from accumulated anger, the main reason of committing the crime is normally to get vengeance for a particular action that had been previously committed to the offender. Sometimes, a single situation of vengeance is not enough and several similar crimes may be committed in order to cool the accumulated anger that may have built up in the offender. Some victims are therefore not the actual individuals who caused anger but may be closely related to the actual one in from of appearance, family relation or gender otherwise known as symbolic victims. (Hazelwood, 1995)

Application of this particular typology revealed that bruises were from tight binding of the woman’s hands, legs and neck. A closer look at the strands of fiber revealed that the fiber had been gotten from some form of a carpet. Supposedly, the offender must have made use of strands of fiber colleted from the crime scene to tie the victim. Hands and legs must have been tied to control movements that would have made in protest while bruises on the neck must have been sustained as the offender strangled that victim to prevent her from screaming. Deep insertions on the victim’s body could have been to provide satisfaction as the woman cried in pain. Further investigation on the relationship between the current crime and others that would have occurred at the same region, showed that in the previous year a similar crime had been committed at another building that was under construction about six miles from current crime scene. Description of previous crime scene was very much similar to this particular one the only difference being that the victim in that other crime scene had some of her clothes on. (Hazelwood, 1995)

Results of investigations that had been carried out in the previous year showed that the offender must have been aged between twenty four and thirty five years. This inference was associated with victim’s sexual energy as well as possession of a car which showed that the offender was not a very young fellow and was not also very old. It was suggested that the two crimes could have committed by the same offender who most probably resided within the crime scene area and whose occupation could be related to construction of houses. A study of the flexibility and convenience with which the offender conducted his criminal activities suggested that he owned the vehicle and further investigations revealed that it was actually a van. While communicating with women, this offender is likely to present himself in a very dominating manner and would even maintain a relationship for quite sometime. While getting ready to carry out a criminal activity, it is likely that this gentleman brings all the necessary weapons he would require after which he destroys evidences to avoid being suspected. This is the reason as to why he transfers victims’ bodies to buildings that are under construction. With the help of this profiling information, police officers operating within that crime scene area undertook an operation and arrested the offender. (Hazelwood, 1995)

Conclusion

It is clear that the available profiling information was very helpful to police officers in their operation to arrest the offender. This profile contained descriptions that would assist in pointing out the particular offender as they were very specific. Guiding principles on which this profiling investigation was based were quite essential to the success of profiling exercise. This is because they assisted in the association of the present crime with previous ones which was used to connect behaviors portrayed by that particular offender. The final description was then used by police officers to arrest the suspected offender who is supposed to answer the case concerning those two crimes. (Turvey, 2008)

REFERENCES

Hazelwood R. (1995): Practical aspects of rape investigation, Michigan, University of Michigan p. 47

Kocsis R. (2007): Serial murder and the psychology of violent crimes, New Jersey: Humana Press p.78

Petherick W. (2005): Theoretical and practical issues in behavioral profiling, Carolina: Academic Press pp 13-16

Turvey B. (2008): An introduction to behavioral Evidence Analysis, Carolina: Academic Press pp 48-50

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