Dubai is one of the seven emirates of United Arab Emirates and the more recognized than the capital Abu Dhabi. But looking back at the history, one finds that a few decennaries earlier Dubai was inhabited by Bedouins and Nomads. The people earned their life by angling, pearl diving and croping their animate beings. Colonies began to develop on the seashore and trade began through the Waterss. Then, under the regulation of the British, trade flourished and Dubai began to be known as a major port. As a consequence foreign investings started pouring. In 1966, oil was discovered and when British left, Federation of the United Emirates was formed with the seven emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Fujeirah, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah and Ajman. It was under the regulation of visionaries like Sheikh Zayed and Sheikh Maktoum Dubai catapulted into the economic human dynamo as we see today. ( http: //www.mapsofworld.com/dubai/history-dubai.html )
It is located on the South of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula at 25.2697A°N 55.3095A°E. Dubai has the largest population of the seven emirates and 2nd to Abu Dhabi in footings of land country. The land country is 4,114 M2.
The population of Dubai is 1.42 million of which 17 % are United Arab Nationals, 71 % are expatriates from different states like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka and other Asiatic and In-between Eastern Countries. 3 % of the population is from the Western states. The population denseness is 408.18 km2. ( http: //www.mapsofworld.com/dubai/demographics-of-dubai.html )
The clime of Dubai is hot and humid. It is located in the northern desert belt. Dubai experiences rough summers during the months of June to September with an mean temperature of 40A°C. There are besides frequent dust storms that brings Dubai to a deadlock. It experiences pleasant clime during the months of December to March with occasional rainfall. Since building is the major beginning of income, during the peak summers the workers are prevented from working out-of-doorss in the afternoons. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.dubai-information.info/dubai_weather.html
Dubai is composed chiefly of flaxen desert unlike the other emirates which are more of crushed rock comeuppances. It is a low lying country, merely 16m above the sea degree. It borders Oman with Hajar Mountains on the sou’-east, Abu Dhabi in the southern side and Sharjah to the nor’-east. There are no natural H2O organic structures in Dubai, but it does hold a natural recess, which is known as the Dubai Creek which divides Dubai with Karama on one side and Deira to the other which boundary lines Sharjah. The Dubai International Airport is located to the South of Deira. The bulk of the development as we know of Dubai is towards the seashore. The countries towards the inside like the Business Bay, etc is developing until fiscal crisis hit in. Besides, it is considered to be a really stable zone as the closest seismal mistake line – the Zagros Fault passes at approximately 200km from the United Arab Emirtaes.
Dubai has grown into an economic human dynamo within a few decennaries and this would’nt had been possible if non for a dedicated transit system in topographic point. It boasts of universe category installations in transit with Dubai International Airport, Dubai Port Authority, Metro Rail, Bus and Ferry services across Dubai Creek.
Dubai International Airport:
Dubai Airport was ranked the 15th busiest airdrome in the universe in 2009. It has its ain air hose in Emirates Airline which has its paths marked in about all the major metropoliss in the universe. Besides, the building on the universes biggest airdrome – the Al Maktoum International Airport has begun with the first stage completed in 2010. It will besides tout of holding the universes largest lading managing installation and five tracks to manage A380 passesnger planes at the same clip.
Dubai Port Authority:
Dubai Port ( Port Rashid and Port Jebel Ali ) has become one of the busiest ports in the universe due to its strategic location between the West and the E. Experts besides comment that natural phenomenas like Tsunami can non happen in Dubai because of the superficiality of the Waterss. It besides has an efficient ferry conveyance system across the brook known as “ Abras ” to transport people from Deira to Bur Dubai.
With the startup of the Metro Rail Service in September 2009, Dubai added a plume to it efficient conveyance system. Even though it caters to one subdivision of the society, the tube has made a considerable part in cut downing the traffic of Dubai.
Buss and Taxis:
Buss and taxis are the best signifiers of conveyance within Dubai. Taxis are preferred over coachs because of the easiness with which one can transpose to different topographic points.
Dubai has become an international tourer finish with the universe ‘s largest promenades, tallest fountain, tallest edifice, manmade islands and province of the art cordial reception industries. The Dubai Shopping Festival during the month of January and February has become really celebrated with the western universe ; as it gives a pickup from the cold harsh climes. Besides, Dubai being an Islamic state the regulations are non every bit rigorous as one would conceive of it to be, as a consequence people have really made Dubai their 2nd place.
Construction and existent estate is the chief beginning of employment in Dubai, with Finance and Tourism being 2nd and 3rd. Media and Entertainment has besides become one of the major beginnings of employment with Dubai acquiring planetary acknowledgment.
The architecture of Dubai is a mix of the tradition and modernism. There is a really clear and blunt difference between the two. One can easy distinguish with the glances of the tradition, the early colony houses seen in the parts of old Dubai in topographic points like Karama, Bur Dubai and Deira. Houses made of Mud and straw with thatch roof. While the modern portion is all steel and glass with different manners picturing an designer ‘s phantasies for more complex geometries. The ingestion of steel and glass used in undertakings forces one to believe about the most common word used “ Sustainability ” . Are these edifices sustainable? Or Is anyone constructing these undertakings are bothered about Sustainable designs? The most common tendency found shows that the lone thing that affairs is how glamourous does a edifice expression, so that it can be easy sold to the client.
Land usage Pattern of Dubai:
major [ undertakings dubai.jpg
The map above shows the land usage map of Dubai, which clearly shows the concentration of the development around the seashore. The countries marked xanthous are well newer developments. The countries coloured brown are the sandy desert which is uninhabited. landuse – orbiter image.jpg
There are three major roads that run horizontally across Dubai that becomes the three spinal columns.
Sheikh Zayed Road
Al Khail Road
Initially, Sheikh Zayed Road was used as the chief route to link Dubai to Abu Dhabi and all the development started around it. Subsequently on as the traffic grew and more undertakings started coming up on the South of Sheikh Zayed Road, Al Khail Road was built and as traffic grew, undertakings developed further south, Emirates Road was built. Further, another route was built Dubai Bypass Road, which works as a breathing place when there are issues on the above three roads.
As seen in the series of exposure, one can clearly separate and understand the development and the land usage form that developed around the recess known as the Dubai Creek. Within 25 old ages, the astonishing gait at which the development took topographic point makes one admiration about the injury that it might hold caused to the environment.
dubai – future.jpgdubai 2007.jpg
The past few decennaries has seen Dubai grow from flaxen comeuppances to munificent castles, glistening edifices of glass and steel, white sandy beaches, unreal island and lakes, etc. But this growing has had an consequence on the environment, which, some might be replaceable and some might non. The major causes of concern are:
Harmonizing to a study done by the Dubai Municipality, the factors that were impacting the traffic pollution in Dubai were rapid urbanisation and with it increase in the figure of vehicles on the route. The handiness of inexpensive oil has lead to an addition in the figure of vehicles.
“ Dubai ‘s statistical information showed that motor vehicles increased by an one-year norm of about 12 per centum. Dubai has approximately 541 vehicles per thousand population, which is higher than New York ( 444 ) , London ( 345 ) and Singapore ( 111 ) , ”
With the addition in traffic, pollution has increased at an dismaying degree in Dubai. Along with this, there are occasional sand storms during winters which worsen the state of affairs. Noise pollution is another major concern due to the broad spread building activity.
The major concern with the addition in building activity in Dubai is on the marine life. Manmade islands have been created in the ocean with high profile undertakings like Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali, the World and the Wave. In order to construct this islands sand is dredged and redeposited which causes the crystalline Waterss to turn cloudy and silt formation has taken topographic point which is a turning concern for the marine ecosystem. Besides, due to the redepositing of the sand in H2O, Marine home ground has been damaged. Coral reefs, oyster beds and subterraneous Fieldss of grass are submerged under it. Over 33 million three-dimensional meters of sand and shell has been dredged to do these islands.
In a recent survey done on the ecological resource usage, the United Arab Emirates was pronounced the least environmentally friendly state. It besides suggested that the state relied a batch on air conditioning and desalinating the sea H2O. A fact states that each occupant in Dubai uses twice the sum of resources as compared to an mean Briton.
The architecture of the edifices in Dubai shows a strong influence of the western universe where the usage of glass and steel are more common due to different climatic conditions. But, the worst portion is the manners get copied straight without even believing about the environmental impact. The usage of glass in a hot clime is bound to increase the air conditioning burden within the edifices. Post oil epoch it is traveling to be truly hard to keep these edifices. The more the use of air conditioning the more is the heat emitted into the ambiance which in bend aggravates planetary heating.
There are studies saying that Dubai developments are be aftering to construct a beach with unnaturally cooled sand through belowground tubings, a immense golf class surrounded by plush landscapes and undertakings and a refrigerated swimming pool of size 820 square metres.
“ It ‘s grotesque that while the universe ‘s poorest people face the loss of their places and supports, every bit good as disease and famishment, because of clime alteration, the universe ‘s richest people think it ‘s acceptable to blow cherished energy so pointlessly on things such as unnaturally cooled beaches, ” says Robin Oakley, caput of clime and energy at Greenpeace UK.A -fromA ‘Chilling developments in Dubai’A by Leo Hickman, The Guardian, Thursday 18 December 2008
As oil is a cheaper beginning, it is used to desalinate H2O to water the landscapes in the desert. It is besides used to chill the monolithic insides of hotels, promenades and besides the abodes. Cheaper oil has besides increased the figure of vehicles, which are doing traffic jobs around the metropolis. Such dependance on fossil fuels will hold inauspicious consequence in hereafter, which in bend is adding up to the planetary heating and with the fact that Dubai is merely 16m above sea degree, lifting sea degrees will hold serious harm to life.
“ We are making bondage, ” said one worker. “ We feel we are in gaol, it ‘s like a prison sentence. This is how I feel. I am helpless. What can I make? “ A -from VBS.tv ‘s ‘The Slaves of Dubai ‘
The narrative behind the glamor of Dubai is the hapless province of the labors working twenty-four hours and dark to run into the marks of the rich and the celebrated. The workers pay a brawny amount to acquire to the Middle East and when they eventually reach here, their passports are taken off by the company, wages are non offered as promised, the life conditions are hapless and sometimes they have to portion a little room with 8-10 people with all the luggage ‘s, apparels and places in it.
Post Recession Period:
During the extremum of the building activity, a figure of residential undertakings were build
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.dubai-architecture.info/HIST-DUBAI.htm
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hypertext transfer protocol: //www.greenfudge.org/2009/10/11/on-environmental-issues-and-human-rights-dubai-comes-up-more-dump-than-trump/