While the business environment of the world especially after recent downturn is frantically seeking ways to create opportunities and to exploit them, the demand of able leadership to convert the opportunities into achievements has never been higher than it is today. This state of affairs points at the importance of appropriate leadership coaching, as that is the only way for the modern leaders to effectively meet the requirements of the new situation.
This article thus explores the leadership issue to find out the appropriate model of leadership coaching by exploring and evaluating various leadership styles and associated issues, before recommending servant leadership as the most appropriate model and presenting a brief example of leadership development module in the end. Introduction Humans have their needs spread in various periods of life, and if they can attain the most of those stages, they feel successful in life.
Thus they need appropriate guidance, and this creates the scope of leadership, where the leaders stand tall among others by virtue of their abilities, and guide others towards individual and collective success. However, that is a macro-level situation, and today the leadership issue has become an integral part of the organizations, where its leaders are assigned to lead the company proceedings to bring success for its members. This clearly necessitates appropriate training that would successfully meet the demands of both business environment and individual satisfaction of the members of the organization.
As for example, the current downturn in global business environment has now leaned heavily on “Opportunity Creation and Exploitation” (Dudik, 2000), and to meet that demand besides the perpetual demand of individual satisfaction, the leaders have to be coached properly. Therefore, this article explores the nuances of the leadership issue as a whole, besides its associated elements like human need structure and motivation issues, before recommending servant leadership as the most appropriate model of coaching and presenting a brief leadership development training module based on that.
Background: Human Needs It has been mentioned earlier that the leadership has come into being by virtue of its ability to engineer the majority towards achieving their individual or collective goals. Thus it is necessary to briefly review the mechanism of human needs, which form both individual and collective goals, where such needs occupy one or the other stages of human life. There are many ideas that try to encompass those stages of needs, and out of them Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Need is widely regarded as a convincing model that describes humans’ needs.
Therefore it would be pertinent to have a brief look on Maslow’s model to ascertain the true need for guidance in the lives of young collegiate athletes. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs This theory of Abraham Maslow (1943) provides an outline of human needs that a manager should know and exploit to motivate the employees, because motivation is guided by unfulfilled needs. Thus Maslow’s model of ‘needs’ is invaluable to systematically pursue the needs while keeping the flow of motivation intact.
Maslow’s model divides the human needs into five broad based categories and they are: 1. Physiological Needs: Air, Water, Nourishment and Sleep – these are the basic needs of humans. 2. Safety Needs: This need covers the issues of safety in both living and in work/study place, medical insurance, job security and financial backup. 3. Social Needs: Group activities, socialization, or enhanced interpersonal communication are the elements that fulfill the social needs through which humans form a sense of belonging to their environment.
4. Esteem Needs: At this stage humans turn their focus on esteem that involves recognition and social status, at the outer world and self-respect or sense of achievement in one’s own mind. 5. Self-actualization: Every human life is ideally poised to pursue this need where one can delve deep within and keep on discovering oneself from many perspective both on mental and physical plane.