Business organizations are required to work and accomplish given tasks by proper management of its workforce. Management has come to stay as an activity process in this complex industrial and commercial world. The performance of an organization is judged by the combined efforts of its workforce who contribute to the whole coordinated activity or a business concern and therefore have a real plus value of the entire management operations. Management is as old as man, this implies that managerial principles have been in use for a longtime and management is not only an essential element of organized society but as an integral part of life.
Management is also seen as a social process that entails responsibility for effective planning and regulation of operations of an enterprise that involves: the installation and maintenance of proper procedures to ensure adherence to the plans and also guidance, integration and supervision of the personnel. Management involves managing a business, managing a manager, managing work and it works. Therefore an organization requires a manager to balance and harmonize the three functions of the organization.
Management is the creation and maintenance of internal environment in an organization where individual working together in groups can perform efficiently and effectively towards the attainment of group goals. Organization through its managers organizes its workforce by arranging the tasks for various workforces and setting performance targets against which the quality of work is measured.
An organization manages its workforce diversity by proper planning of tasks to be performed well in advance. Planning is a process of developing or deciding what should be done by the organization’s employees. It means that the managers first determine the mission and vision statements of an organization as the prime objections/goals against which all the efforts of all the workgroups should be directed. This involves strategies to attain the goals that have been stated. It is also seen as making a provision for the future by developing short-term, medium and long-term plans together with determining policies or standards and making choices rationally.
Also organization manages its workforce through a proper organizing or setting the necessary tools to be used by its workforce for proper accomplishment of its goals. This implies the allocation of human and physical recourses to relevant department or persons, defining the duties and fixing the procedures to enable the attainment of organization goals. This entails determining people’s responsibilities and developing a framework or organizational structure to indicate how people, equipments are to be employed.
Also an organization manages its workforce of diversity by proper staffing. This implies filling in positions in the organization in which a manager supplies proper workers to the organization by ensuring that the organization has a qualified people of all levels at all times to meet organization short-term and long-term human resource requirements. This also involves attracting and inducing together with communicating to ensure organization ahs the proper personnel. The human resources manager does the selection and training together with developing the selected manpower.
Also the organizations in its quest for excellence in managing its workforce does the duty of directing, that is, giving orders to human resources and motivating them. Management does the harmonizing and promoting. This is also known as leading which involves or working directly with people. Managers are meant to effect or determine the behavior of others hence it is a means of getting and keeping things going.
Controlling its workforce is an element of management is employed by the organization in managing its workforce. This is a process of constantly checking whether the business is proper on course towards accomplishing its goals. Managers therefore set standards, evaluate and take corrective actions. It is therefore a process of comparing actual performance against the set standards and taking any necessary corrective actions. Managers ensure security and protection from misuse by putting in place checks and balanced organizations. More so, coordinating activities of an organization involves creating unity of purpose in which they are undertaken. This helps in ensuring that there is harmony within an organization.
- A. Cole, Management Theory & Practice (1996).