Fresh witness to wars of the 20th century, the United Nations under a Millennium Declaration in 2000 strives for the eradication of poverty, access to clean water, sanitation, and access to clean energy sources as an added emphasis to the provision of human security (Krasno, 2004:4). Such goals coherently work with its notion to include human security and as an international body that sees to its implementation in a state level. Its landscape along with six principal UN bodies is actually tasked to oversee international peace and security through resolutions imposed by the Security Council.
The Un General Assembly open its doors for debate along with its 6 committees that deal with issues concerning disarmament to international law while the UN Secretariat and Secretary General acts as the primary administrative body (Dijkzeul and Beigbeder, 2002: 18). The Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council and the International Court of Justice also act under sub-committees governed by the Secretary General. Multilateralism and Governance Issues and the basic principles of the UN
With 191 member nations in 2003, the UN faces one central issue in the management of international goals as an inherent tension exists between the organizations in the hands of national governments that support it. As an international body, a problem on the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in countries where terrorism threat abounds has been left to the responsibility of its biggest and powerful member nation, United States instead o being governed in full by the Security Council as a body with an ability to create resolutions and implements its decisions while binding all the other members (Krasno: 4).
Yet seemingly, all power has been delegated that has soon allowed the US to act against the Talibans in Afghanistan and later on unseating Saddam Hussein in Iraq. The UN is therefore questioned whether it remains impartial over its own course concerning decision-making in a multi-lateral diplomacy that affected international security in a disagreement between Western allies and the failure of other states to join in enforcing UN’s mandate in Iraq (Hutchings,2003).
Understandably, no one can equal the military power that the United States currently holds but where interdependency exist among nations in a globalize economic system, so should military decisions concerning and critical issues concerning weapons of mass destruction, security among others as the basis of UN’s mandate that should be addressed. The basic question of how could one opposed war yet at the same time support the UN without upholding the basic principles documented in the basic charter during its inception actually lie amidst the multilateralism controversy.