You can reduce the risks before installing and upgrading new software. When you upgrade or install a software to your computer, the first thing that you do for your installation is planning, plan the work, woe you going to do it, how much time will you need to install, what are the requirements for the installations, what material you need before you install. You can investigate the present system facilities. Plan for access to the computer and any connected systems, and create system specification. All of these sources come under planning and they help to reduce the risks as well.
Another step is preparation, you have to be prepared, and preparing means to obtain and allocate the required materials; software CD and licence, make sure you have all the equipment and tools that you could need. And the very main and important point to cover is health and safety. You will also have to install or upgrade and to do this you will have to safely install to protect the equipment the next step would be the configuration, configurations can include security such as user accounts and profiles so you might have to create them.
Once you have done the configuration the testing need to be done, and to do this you will need to check all operations and the configuration settings Finally After the testing the sixth step is to sign off and handover, in this step the client has to accept the systems against the initial specification. For example the client has to accept what you have upgraded/installed and make sure that it’s based against the initial plan
I think this will reduce risks because I it shows that you are working in little steps there is more awareness of what you are doing and a less risk of going wrong somewhere during an installation/upgrade. Overall I would suggest a last step which is recording you can have an information recording log book that indicates all the step by step of what you have done, I think his will reduce risks also because you can tick of what you have done and if there Is anything you are uncertain about you can come back to it.
Sometime, something will go wrong with your PC. It might refuse to start, it might freezes up, it might crash and go dead. Most computers problems have easy to find causes and simple solutions. Make sure you have the latest versions of all the software installed on your system- while you are at it, make sure you have the latest versions of devices drivers installed for all the peripherals on your system.
Walk through each step of the process to see if you can identify a particular program or driver that might be causing the problem if you are having trouble getting windows to start, it is probably because some setting is set wrong. The solution is hijack your computer before windows gets hold of it and forces it to start without whatever is causing the problem. You do this by watching the screen as your computer boots up and pressing the f8 key just before windows starts to load. This displays the windows start up menu, where you select safe mode. Safe mode is a special mode of operation that loads windows in a very simple configuration.
Once in safe mode, you can look for device conflicts, restore incorrect or corrupted device, or restore your system to a prior working configuration. When your computer freeze up, the screen looks normal, but nothing works, you cannot type on screen, you can’t click any button. If your system happens to freeze up, then there is probably nothing wrong with your computer hardware. But the wrong is probably with the operating system. This does not mean your computer is broken. It is just an error and you can recover errors.