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Animal Rights

A discussion of the disputed issue of whether or not to grant animal rights such as those that humans retain. Animal Rights “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; The Declaration of Independence holds these rights to be self evident and unalienable. In the eighteenth century when these words were written they were called natural […]

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Euthanasia: Pity Murder

The United States’ Declaration of Independence states that every person has “certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men…that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or […]

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The (origin of the) concept of agency PE in the OECD Model and its differences between civil law and common law countries

Paragraphs 5 and 6 of Article 5 of the OECD Model Convention (the provisions) deal with the so-called “Agency Permanent Establishment” (hereinafter agency PE) whereby, in general terms, it is intended for states of source to preserve their taxing rights upon economic activities generated within their jurisdiction carried by a person (legal or natural) acting […]

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Judicial Precedent

Judicial precedent means the process whereby judges follow previously decided cases where the facts are of sufficient similarity. The doctrine of judicial precedent involves an application of the principle of stare decisis ie, to stand by the decided. In practice, this means that inferior courts are bound to apply the legal principles set down by […]

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