Essays on Theory

Originally attachment theory

Originally attachment theory has been based upon and is greatly influenced by psychoanalytic theorists e. g. Freud. Attachment theorists especially Bowlby (1969) agree with psychoanalytic tradition that the attachment bond between mother and child forms the basis of all relationships in later years of life. […]

The Learning Theory explanation and the Evolutionary explanation

Another explanation of attachment is evolutionary, which looks towards survival benefit of having a strong bond between caregiver and infant. It suggests that there are instinctual or natural attitudes and behaviours which are hard-wired into both the caregiver and infant. These behaviours and attitudes occur […]

Piaget’s theory

In 1931 Watson a psychologist conducted an important experiment known as the “Albert experiment” concerning behaviourism. Through this experiment he proved that humans could be taught certain feelings and fears through their environment, with which they were not born. He used an 11-month-old boy and […]

Invalid Theory

Karen Horney (1885-1952) followed Freud’s basic concepts about the mind but disagreed on two points: she did not believe that personality is strongly influenced by sexual conflicts in childhood; she felt that Freud’s theories did not accurately represent females. Horney is the founder of feminine […]

Piaget’s theory

In T. V. program 2 some preschool children were shown playing alongside each other, each absorbed in their own individual activities. Even when playing with the same toys they were not interacting with each other. Piaget would say that their egocentrism was making social interaction […]

Social Learning Theory

Lastly, the FM is too reductionist as they have put complex terms such as the formation of relationships and deconstructed them into 3 filters. There are many other factors which will cause a relationship to form. Their personality isn’t all that is considered, women will […]

Learning theory

It could also be due to learning theory. The child could have observed its parent; a role model, being rewarded for obscure actions, by increased attention for example, and modelled their behaviour on them. This theory suggests therefore that schizophrenia can be learned, or put […]

Piaget’s theory

Bandura was well known for his experiment in 1965, for his experiments using bobo dolls, to see if children would imitate what they had seen. Evidence from this experiment suggested that children were positively influenced by the rewarding of negative behaviour. The opposition, (Nativists) for […]

Social and Cognitive psychologySocial learning theory

Aggression is a negative behaviour where the individual deliberately intends to inflict harm on another individual whether it be verbally, mentally or physically. There are many explanations of aggression; some believe aggression is part of evolution in order to enable us to survive. Others believe […]

Vygotsky’s theory

Several aspects of Piaget’s theory have been questioned but other aspects remain influential. Piaget’s work has encouraged other theorists such as Vygotsky to study children’s cognition. Vygotsky took a socio cultural view of development that makes social interaction the centre of his theory. Cognition and behaviour […]