The government type of Turkey is a republican parliamentary democracy. Turkey has gained its independence in 29 October 1923 as successor state to the Ottoman Empire. It has its executive branch, which include the chief of state President Abdullah GUL since August 18, 2007, its head of government by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN since March 14, 2003 and Deputy Prime Ministers CICEK, YAZICI and EKREN, who have assumed office at various dates and the cabinet or Council of Ministers as appointed by the President on nomination of the prime minister (eNotes. com, 2009).
It has a unicameral legislative branch called the Grand National Assembly of Turkey with 550 seats and whose members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. The Turkey government has also its Judicial Branch, which include its Constitutional Courts, High Court of Appeals, Council of State, Court of Accounts, Military High Court of Appeals and Military High Administrative Court (eNotes. com, 2009) (eNotes. com, 2009). 1. 3 Economy Turkey has dynamic economy from the mix of modern industry and commerce without leaving completely the agriculture sector that still shares the creation of more than one third of national employment.
The strong and rapidly growing private sector was not made inconsistent with the state or government intervention in business in playing significant in basic industry, banking and transport, and communication (eNotes. com, 2009). With textiles and clothing accounting for one-third of industrial employment, the same could be still considered as the largest industrial sector. The sector currently finds itself involved in competition in international markets after the closing stages of the global quota system.
Other industries however have risen in great importance in improving the lives of many within its export activities. These include notably the automotive and electronics industries (eNotes. com, 2009). With real GNP growths having exceeded 6% in many years, although interrupted by sharp declines in output in 1994, 1999, and 2001, one could just imagine the expansion that have created in the economic life of the Turkish. Implementation of economic reforms caused economic turnaround, thus causing it 2004 GDP growth to reach 9%, but slowed to roughly 5% annual growth from 2005-2007.
Inflation rate was still at single digit with an experience of 7. 7% in 2005 after 30 years but it climbed back to 8. 5% in 2007 (eNotes. com, 2009). Turkey appears to have experienced strong economic gains from 2002-2007, due largely to renewed investor interest in emerging market, IMF backing, and tighter fiscal policy. The other side of the coin is that the Turkish economy is still characterized with high current account deficit and high external debt which may be causing it moderately high inflation rates compared with other more successful members of the EU (eNotes.com, 2009).
This would therefore show the need for economic and judicial reforms which the country tried to address from the prospects and benefits of EU membership as a way to boost foreign debt investment and spur higher economic growths (eNotes. com, 2009). 1. 4 Language The languages spoken include Turkish as official language, Dimli , Azeru and Kabardian note (eNotes. com, 2009). 1. 5 Religion The country is predominantly Muslim about 99. 8% of which are called Sunni while the rest of about 0. 2% are mostly Christians and Jews (eNotes. com, 2009).